Becquerel family

   The Becquerel were a family of noted French physicists. Antoine Becquerel (1788-1878), born in Châtillon-sur-Loing (today Châtillon-Coligny), studied the phenomenon of diamagnetism, but he is particularly known for his work in the field of electrochemisty, notably for his invention of a polarized dual liquid battery (1829). He was named to the French Academy of Sciences in 1829. Edmond Becquerel (1820-1891), born in Paris, was the son of Antoine Becquerel. He conducted a photographic study of the sun, proving the existence of Fraunhofer rays in its untraviolet areas (1842). With others, he developed thermodynamic coupling and studied the magnetic properties of minerals and the phenomena of phosphorescence. He was named to the Academy of Sciences in 1863. Henri Becquerel (1852-1908), the son of Edmond Becquerel, was born in Paris. He studied effects of X-rays and fluorescence on uranium salts and discovered the phenomenon of radioactivity (1896) as well as the ionizing properties of new radiations. He was named to the French Academy of Sciences in 1889 and, in 1903, with Pierre and Marie Curie, was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Becquerel family — /bɛkəˈrɛl/ (say bekuh rel) noun a family of French physicists. 1. Antoine César /ɒ̃ˌtwan seɪˈza/ (say on.twahn say zah), 1788–1878, physicist and father of Alexandre Edmond. 2. Alexandre Edmond /alɛkˌsɒ̃drə ɛdˈmɒ̃/ (say ahlek.sondruh ed mon),… …   Australian English dictionary

  • becquerel — /ˈbɛkərəl/ (say bekuhruhl) noun the SI derived unit of the activity of a radionuclide equal to one disintegration per second. Symbol: Bq {named after AH Becquerel. See Becquerel family} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Becquerel, Henri — ▪ French physicist Introduction in full  Antoine Henri Becquerel   born December 15, 1852, Paris, France died August 25, 1908, Le Croisic  French physicist (physical science) who discovered radioactivity through his investigations of uranium and… …   Universalium

  • Becquerel , Antoine Henri — (1852–1908) French physicist Becquerel was born in Paris; his early scientific and engineering training was at the Ecole Polytechnique and the School of Bridges and Highways, and in 1876 he started teaching at the Polytechnique. From 1875 he… …   Scientists

  • Becquerel — n. family name; Antoine Henri Becquerel (1852 1908), French physicist, winner of the Nobel prize in Physics in 1903 (discovered radioactivity in uranium) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Becquerel — biographical name family of French physicists including: Antoine César 1788 1878; his son Alexandre Edmond 1820 1891; the latter s son Antoine Henri 1852 1908 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Henri Becquerel — Infobox Scientist name = Antoine Henri Becquerel image width = 180px caption = Antoine Becquerel, French physicist birth date = birth date|df=yes|1852|12|15| birth place = Paris, France death date = death date and age|df=yes|1908|8|25|1852|12|15… …   Wikipedia

  • Antoine-Cesar Becquerel —     Antoine César Becquerel     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Antoine César Becquerel     French physicist, b. at Chatillon sur Loing (Loiret), 7 March, 1788; d. at Paris, 18 January, 1878. In 1806 he entered the Polytechnic School after having… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Jean Becquerel — (February 5, 1878 July 4, 1953) was a French physicist, and son of Antoine Henri Becquerel. He worked on the optical and magnetic properties of crystals, discovering the rotation of the plane of polarisation by a magnetic field. He also published …   Wikipedia

  • Marie Curie — Madame Curie redirects here. For the 1943 biographical film about her, see Madame Curie (film). This article is about the chemist and physicist. For the schools named after her, see École élémentaire Marie Curie and Marie Curie High School …   Wikipedia

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